Svadhisthana Chakra or the Sacral chakra is the second of the seven primary chakras according to the Hindu tantrism. The word ‘Svadhisthana’ is derived from two Sanskrit words, ‘Swa’ and ‘Adhisthana’ where swa means ‘one’s own’ and ‘adhisthana’ means abode or seat. Therefore, the word literally means ‘one’s own abode’ though there is another meaning of ‘swad’ in Sanskrit i.e. ‘take pleasure in.’
Kshetram: Svadhisthana or the second chakra is located at the lowest base of the spine, near the tailbone or coccyx. Trace the bottom of your spine with your hand and up the front hip, you will be able to feel small bulb like part right up the anus. You have found the tail or coccyx bone as well as the kshetram of the Swadhisthana Chakra.
Symbol: Svadhisthana is often termed as a black lotus, hence, represented in the form of a vermillion coloured flower having six petals unfolding from within the center circle. Six Sanskrit letters are written on each of the petals. Starting from the top one moving clockwise, the six syllables are बं (ba), भं (bha), मं (ma), यं (ya), रं (ra) and लं (la). Moreover, the silver crescent of the Svadhisthana chakra symbol represents the water elements of this sacral chakra as some believe ‘swad’ or sense of taste being the origin of Swadhisthana.
The Associated Endocrine Gland: Adrenal gland is the endocrine gland associated with the second chakra as this chakra controls the metabolism as well as the immune system.
Seed Mantra or Bija Mantra: The bija or seed mantra of the second chakra is Bam as can be seen in the centre of the circle of the symbolic vermillion flower. Chanting this mantra can open up the inner source of creativity and inspiration while connecting us to the awakened inner self to acquire pure knowledge and to experience the blissful beauty around us.
Qualities of a Svadhisthana Chakra: Besides the sense of taste, the Svadhisthana Chakra is also associated with procreation, emotions, subconscious, desires, intimacy etc.
Features of an Unbalanced Svadhisthana Chakra: An imbalanced chakra results in too much yang dominating the life of the human being. That means the person will experience excessive sexual urges causing too much sexual fantasies which will eventually end in sexual frustration. Healthwise, physically, the person may suffer from lowe back pains while, psychologically, he or she will be a subject of trust issues, emotional instabilities, sexual repression and, even, Puritanism, to some extent. These are the symptoms of a highly active Svadhisthana Chakra whereas the symptoms of a not-so-active chakra are frigidity, lack of inspiration and negotiation skills etc.
Features of a Balanced Svadhisthana Chakra: A balanced chakra makes the human more emotionally and creatively balanced. He or she will not be affected by the highs and lows of relationships, life, career, creativity etc. Neither that person will be scared to express his/her sexuality or other emotional needs. The person will be free from the blockages of ego and control issues. Great problem-solving skills can also be another symptom of a balanced chakra. Often, our creative pursuits or focus get driven away by our emotional impulses, anger, frustration etc. A balanced chakra makes the person more self-aware, thus, resulting in a better concentration and energy.
Suggested Poses: Vajroli mudra and Ashvini mudra are the two primary Kundalini yoga practices apart from Natarajasaan, Balasana and Trikonasana which help in controlling your Swadhisthana chakra and balancing it.